A joint is supported and cushioned by soft tissues that prevent the bones from rubbing with each other. Some of the largest joints, such as knees or elbows, are supported by tendons and ligaments. Ligaments connect a bone to another bone, and tendons connect bones to muscles. The articular cartilage is a connective tissue that helps the joints to move without friction or pain. A synovial membrane is a pocket of fluids that lubricates some joints.
Arthritis is the primary cause of disability in the United States. Around 60 million adults are affected by some form of it. It provokes stiffness, pain, and inflammation of the joints and the surrounding tissues. There are several types of arthritis, each one with different causes, symptoms, and treatment needs. Arthritis usually affects senior citizens, but it can develop in women, men, and children of almost all ages.
The type should determine the cause of the arthritis in question. For example, too much uric acid in the body might lead to developing gout. On the other hand, the leading causes are still unknown for several different types of arthritis. However, there are several factors to take into account, such as
Osteoarthritis treatment: Currently, there is no cure for osteoarthritis. Physicians typically treat the symptoms with a combined strategy that includes weight loss, increasing physical activity, pain relievers, physical therapy for muscle strengthening, and supportive devices such as canes or crutches.
Rheumatoid arthritis treatment: As an autoimmune disease, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) utilizes the body’s defensive system to attack the joints’ healthy cells. RA can be managed with medications that depress the immune system, slowing the disease and preventing joint deformity. Maintaining adequate body weight helps to avoid excessive joint stress.
There is no known cause for many arthritis types, and there is no sure recipe for preventing the disease. Nonetheless, the following are some actions you can take to lower the odds of developing arthritis:
Reduce the risk of physical injuries to the joints.
One of the most significant risks that come with pain is inactivity. If the sedentarism increases, you may be at a greater risk of developing cancer, diabetes, heart disease, or other severe conditions. While there is no cure for arthritis, most patients should learn how to manage their illness for the rest of their lives.