The main objective of speech therapy is to improve the individual’s ability to communicate and to be able to perform non-verbal oral functions (for example: swallowing, sucking, chewing, and breathing), thus improving quality of life.
With this in mind, the speech therapist will use the correct treatment and technique for each patient. Approaches can go from tongue, mouth, and cheeks exercises to Expiratory Muscle Strength Training (EMST) which improves breathing and strength for the expiratory muscles.
The specialist, in some cases, can recommend relaxation exercises to relax the muscles that make it difficult to speak correctly.
For more severe cases like a brain stroke, the main objective is to prevent further deterioration of the muscles since there is paralysis and the muscles lose strength. They also can help with memory and cognitive exercises to help the patient to have a better life and communicate better if possible.