Venous Ulcers

Our registered nurses can help with the care and management of venous ulcers.

Venous Ulcers

Venous ulcers, also called venous stasis ulcers or open sores, are wounds that occur around the lower leg and take weeks or even months to heal. Typically located on the ankle or calf, these ulcers are painful and appear red. They may also have yellow, fibrous tissue with an irregular border, and drainage and discharge are common.

Both of these chronic wounds are linked with cardiovascular conditions and often develop on the lower legs and feet due to minor injuries or compromised blood supply. Arterial ulcers result from inadequate blood flow, characterized by pain, shiny or tight skin, coolness, minimal drainage, and a round, punched-out appearance, typically found on toes, feet, heels, or ankles. In contrast, venous ulcers stem from blood pooling in veins due to valve failure, presenting with leg pain, swelling, and discolored skin above the ankle. Understanding these distinctions is crucial for tailored wound care.

These ulcers are more likely to develop among individuals with varicose veins or a history of leg swelling. However, several factors can increase the risk of venous ulcers, including:

Venous ulcers are caused by high pressure in the veins of the lower leg. These veins have valves that ensure blood flows toward the heart. However, weakened valves or blocked veins can cause blood to flow backward and accumulate in the legs, leading to venous insufficiency. The accumulation of blood in the veins of the lower leg leads to leakage of fluid and blood cells into the skin, causing skin changes and itching.

Other signs include:

  • Dark red, brown, or purple hardened skin
  • Leg swelling and cramping
  • Tingling
  • Leg pain

It is crucial to seek proper care and treatment to prevent infection and promote healing. It is recommended that a doctor check any venous ulcers as soon as possible. In addition, treatment must involve addressing circulatory or vein issues that are causing the ulcers or removing some tissue around the wound.

Venous ulcers require medical treatment as they do not heal naturally. If left untreated, the ulcers can cause permanent tissue damage, spread, or result in infections like gangrene, which can be life-threatening or lead to limb amputation. Therefore, the treatments depend on the severity and the location of the ulcer and often include:

  • Antibiotics in case of infection
  • Pain relievers
  • Removing debris and dead tissue
  • Compression bandages or stocking
  • Regular wound cleaning
  • Special dressings to maintain the ulcer-covered

Mild lifestyle changes might help prevent the development of venous ulcers in people with increased risk.

  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Stay active as much as possible
  • Manage your blood sugar levels
  • Keep your cholesterol and blood pressure under control

Professional involvement in a medical treatment cost depends on your health requirements and medical insurance particularities. However, a skilled nurse will always be prepared to deal with any existing ulcer and prevent developing another. So please feel free to call us about any inquiry or information regarding the home care of any patient.

Our team has the expertise and necessary tools to offer patients and their families top-notch assistance. Our multidisciplinary team of nurses can also provide aid and support throughout the treatment process.

For more information on how Signature Health Services can help with your healthcare needs, please call 1 (800) 277-8291 (option 1) or email

venous ulcer

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