Paraplegia is diagnosed when the spinal cord of the person is partially or completely damaged by an injury. Birth conditions, such as hereditary spastic paraplegia and bifid spine can also be the cause, although it is rare.
The limbs below the vertebrae that are affected become paralyzed and the person cannot feel them. If the torso and legs are affected it is called paraplegia. Regardless of the vertebrae affected, loss of bladder and bowel control and sexual dysfunction are symptoms of paraplegia.
Paraplegia has two principal categories: