It is commonly called a heart attack. As simple and as complicated as it sounds. When one or more areas of the cardiac muscle do not receive enough oxygen because of a blockage of the blood flow to the heart, then a myocardial infarction occurs.
Most heart attacks happen because of underlying coronary artery disease, the primary cause of death in the United States. If the coronary artery is occluded, often with a plaque made of cholesterol and fat or a suddenly formed blood clot, the muscle cells start to damage and die due to a lack of blood and oxygen. Without medical attention, the damage could be irreversible in about thirty minutes.
A heart attack can be small or silent and go unnoticed, but it could be a catastrophic health event that may lead to sudden death. If the latest is the case, the two main symptoms are shortness of breath and chest pain. Still, some others could be present, such as
Pain moving from the chest through the jaw, neck, back, shoulder, and arm
Nausea or vomiting
Tightness or pressure in the chest
Fast heart rate
Feelings of fainting
If you feel one or more of these symptoms, please call 911 or get emergency medical aid as soon as possible.
A heart attack requires immediate medical treatment. If the heart stops, first responders or doctors should perform revival maneuvers. Once the heart beats again, a specialist could prescribe medications to solve blood clots, decrease pain, or stabilize the heart rate.
There are some other procedures that a doctor can perform if heart damage has been more acute, such as a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), or a bypass surgery.
After that, a patient can use several medications as long-term heart treatment, such as blood thinners, beta-blockers, diuretics, pain relievers, or nitroglycerin.
Survival chances depend enormously on the quickness of emergency care and the amount of damage the heart suffered. In addition, recovery is a long process; a patient might stay in the hospital for weeks or months. Besides, after a heart attack, the risk of having a second one increases, and other heart problems in the future.
A cardiac rehabilitation program may help the patients regain their strength, guide them through medication treatment, and teach them about switching to a healthier lifestyle.
At Signature, we have the experience and resources to provide the best support for the patient and the family. Our registered nurses may help with most disabling symptoms, such as fatigue, anxiety, or pain.
For more information on how Signature Health Services can help with your healthcare needs, please call 1 (800) 277-8291 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
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