Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and pain in any part of the body. This occurs because the immune system attacks healthy cells and tissues from any organ by mistake. These attacks can damage many parts of the body including the joints, skin, kidneys, heart, lungs, blood vessels, and brain. This condition can affect anyone but it’s more common in women, and in people with family members that have had the disease.
Symptoms of lupus appear in each person differently but common symptoms include extreme fatigue, pain or swelling in joints, muscle pain, unexplained fever, butterfly-like red rashes on the face, hair loss, pale or purple fingers or toes, and swelling in the legs or around the eyes.
There is no known cure for lupus, but medication and lifestyle changes can help manage the condition. Treatment options include medication to reduce pain and swelling, prevent or reduce flares, improve the immune system, reduce or prevent damage to joints, and balance the hormones. Also, more aggressive treatment and measures like chemotherapy or organ transplants can be effective if the condition is very advanced.
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