Crohn’s disease is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the digestive tract. This happens because harmless bacterias present in the gastrointestinal tract are mistaken by invaders and the immune system attacks them. The absence of these bacteria causes chronic inflammation, thickening of the intestinal wall and ulceration.
Symptoms of Crohn’s disease are various but common symptoms include constipation, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, cramping and pain in the abdomen, and sudden weight loss. Other possible symptoms include anemia, fatigue, joint pain or stiffness, and nausea or loss of appetite.
There is no known cure for Crohn’s disease, but effective treatments focus on decreasing the severe inflammation caused by the disease, relieving symptoms, and preventing complications. Treatment options include prescribed medication and drugs, bowel rest, or in severe cases surgery.
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